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Людмила Гурченко: Жизнь соткалась у меня из мгновений…

Впоследствии Л. Гурченко снялась во многих фильмах, полюбившихся зрителям: "Вокзал для двоих", "Любимая женщина механика Гаврилова", "Сибириада", "Моя морячка", "Любовь и голуби" и др.

Яркая, эксцентричная, женщина-праздник,  у  которой и в 75 энергия била через  край. Такой запомнилась зрителям Людмила Гурченко.  По ней в своё время сверяли параметры изящества –  в СССР все знали, что талия  Гурченко  равняется  сорока  шести сантиметрам. Правда,  думали, что стройная фигура  актрисы  –  результат  самоограничений  и  изнурительных  упражнений.  На  самом  же деле Людмила Марковна,  ребёнком пережившая войну  и хорошо знавшая, что такое  голод, никаких диет никогда  не соблюдала, ни дня своей  жизни не провела в спортзале. Сергей Сенин, последний  муж актрисы, вспоминал, что  «лежание  было  самым  любимым её занятием, а любую  спортивную  нагрузку,  в  том  числе  простейшую  зарядку,  Люся ненавидела. В постели  она даже танцы репетировала  – в голове».

Разные  категории  зрителей относились к ней очень  по-разному. Одни видели манерную актрису, всю в перьях  и блёстках, отчаянно сражающуюся со старением. Другие, особенно те, кто читал её  книги, пленялись талантом и  умом этой женщины, её честностью  и  смелостью.  Людмила Гурченко не могла и не  хотела быть как все, поэтому  часто наталкивалась на непонимание и неприятие. Жёлтая  пресса  смаковала  подробности её личной жизни: 6 мужей  сменила, 19 лет не общалась  с  единственной  дочерью,  и  судилась с ней, и не приехала на похороны собственной  матери. «Плюют в спину, иду  вперёд!»  –  было  жизненное  кредо актрисы. А против всех  бед у неё имелось надёжное  средство:  «У  меня  должна  быть только работа, которую  я люблю и которая все неурядицы сглаживает». И вся её  жизнь была подчинена работе – на сцене и перед камерой,  остальное,  что  могло  помешать,  отвлечь,  отнять  силы,  отходило на задний план. Так,  Людмила  Марковна  честно  говорила, что актрисе нельзя быть матерью: «Всё нужно отдавать или профессии,  или детям…Лично я выбрала  первый  путь.  Хотя  это,  может, жестоко».

Эльдар Рязанов, очень любивший Гурченко, подчёркивал её высочайший профессионализм во всём, что касалось  процесса съёмок: «Её энергия  такова, что она становится соавтором всех создателей. Она  – соавтор сценариста, потому  что, пропустив через себя написанное,  вносит  изменения  в  литературную  ткань.  Она  – соавтор режиссёра, потому  что заботится не только о себе  в сцене, но и о партнёрах, о  мизансцене,  предлагает,  как  снимать  тот  или  иной  эпизод. Она – соавтор оператора,  потому  что  досконально  знает свой портретный свет.  Она – соавтор композитора,  потому  что  феноменально  музыкальна и чувствует современность в музыке. Она  –  соавтор  гримёра,  потому  что разбирается в причёсках.  Она – соавтор художника по  костюмам, потому что умеет  сама выдумывать фасоны и  бесподобно шить».

Знавшие  актрису  люди  говорили  о  её  тяжёлом  характере,  прямоте  суждений,  отсутствии дипломатичности.  А она не терпела бездарности,  при этом не жалела слов восхищения для тех, кто покорил  её своим талантом. Например,  признавалась, что не смогла  сдержать слёз, слушая Аллу  Пугачёву и Земфиру; писала,  каким потрясением было для  неё то, как читает стихи Светлана Крючкова.

Гурченко никогда не скрывала свой возраст – зачем, если  всей стране хорошо известно,  в каком году вышла «Карна
вальная  ночь».  Но о её личных  переживаниях и драмах не  должен был  догадываться  никто.  На  людях актриса  великолепно  держала лицо –  всегда в полном  порядке, всегда  выглядела  как  звезда.

«Хочешь  выжить,  умей  терпеть» – в этом был один из  главных  секретов  её  успеха.  Колоссальное терпение помогало держаться и оставаться в  форме и тогда, когда годами  не  звали  сниматься.  Сергей  Сенин в одном из интервью  сказал: «В 1956 году на экраны  вышел  фильм  «Карнавальная ночь», а следующий  большой успех пришёл лишь  через  17  лет,  когда  в  1973  году Люся снялась в фильме  «Старые стены». В 1956-м ей  был 21 год, а в 1973-м – почти  сорок. И в этот промежуток  – самые лучшие для актрисы  годы – ничего из того, о чём  она  мечтала,  не  происходило». А ещё она всю жизнь не  забывала  слова  своего  отца:  «Успокойсь, дочурка. И помни: хорошега человека судьба  пожмёть-пожмёть  да  и  отпустить!..» Лишь в самых  последних  дневниковых  записях,  осознавая  безнадежность  своего  положения  после перелома бедра и сложной  операции,  она  призналась:  «Депрессия сейчас в полном  разгаре. И ясно, что ничего из  нынешнего состояния не изменится».

В  книге  «Моё  взрослое  детство»,  в  своих  интервью  Людмила Марковна говорила  о той огромной роли, которую
сыграл в её жизни отец. Марк  Гаврилович Гурченко, деревенский баянист, называвший дочь  «богинькой», заставил её поверить в свой талант, в своё призвание.  Назвал  Людмилой  её  тоже отец. Актриса вспоминала  об этом так: «Имя своё я получила за два часа до рождения.  Испуганный папа отвёз маму  в роддом. А сам на «нервной  почве» побежал в кино. Тогда  на экранах с огромным успехом  шёл  американский  приключенческий фильм «Акулы  Нью-Йорка»…  Герой  фильма  красавец Алан совершает чудеса – спускается по канату с  самолёта  на  крышу  несущегося поезда, в котором увозят  его  похищенную  возлюбленную,  прелестную  Люси.  После  сеанса  потрясённый  папа  примчался в роддом и срочно  передал маме записку: «Лель,  детка моя! Если в меня будить  орёл, назовём Алан. А если девычка, хай будить Люси!». Но  в роддоме папе сказали, что такого имени Люси в России нет.  Есть имя Людмила. Это старое  славянское имя. Означает «людям мила»… И зачитали папе  целый  список  самых  модных  в то время имён: Кима, Ноябрина,  Искра,  Владлена,  Сталина,  Марклена,  Октябрина,  Мюда…  «Як  это  Мюда?..»  –  «Международный юношеский день…» – «Гм… давайте лучше  Людмила…  ето  значить,  что усе люди будуть до ней  по ласке…»

Помимо  десятков  ролей  в  театре  и  кино,  Людмила  Гурченко  записала  несколько  пластинок,  в  том  числе  «Песни  войны»,  оставила  три книги мемуаров, собрала  одну  из  крупнейших  в  России  коллекций  изделий  из уранового стекла, которое  перестали производить ещё в  первой четверти ХХ века. А  в 75 лет актриса освоила ещё  и профессию режиссёра, поставив  музыкальную  драму  «Пёстрые  сумерки».  Критики писали, что фильм стоит  посмотреть  хотя  бы  затем,  чтобы понять что-то про эту  женщину, чтобы увидеть, что  в 75 можно быть такой!

Последней работой Людмилы  Марковны  стал  видеоклип  на  песню  Земфиры  «Хочешь?», снятый за месяц  до смерти актрисы, в феврале  2011 года. В этом клипе Гурченко поёт, стоя среди экранных образов своих ушедших  из жизни партнёров по кино  – Александра Абдулова, Юрия  Белова, Олега Борисова, Евгения Евстигнеева, Александра  Кайдановского, Андрея Миронова, Юрия Никулина и Олега  Янковского.

Сказано Людмилой Гурченко

… Я с юности привыкла тянуть тяжёлый камень из колодца. Подниму его, а он опять норовит вниз… Это со стороны я смотрюсь эдакой весёлой, вечной счастливицей и всегда в хорошем настроении. Я понимаю, что люди именно этого от меня и ждут. Но я не помню даже трёх недель в своей жизни, когда могла расслабиться.

Когда я была в подходящем для экстравагантности образе, страна была – «коммунизм плюс электрификация всей страны». Нельзя было ничего. А сегодня можно! Но всё равно, обязательно найдётся тот, кто скажет, что Гурченко опять что-то не то надела.

Предательство… Что может быть тяжелее. Как бы ты себя ни уговаривала, что время залечит раны, как бы ни утешала себя, что есть люди поинтереснее, – подумаешь, кого-то тебе предпочли, – но всё равно невозможно заполнить выжженные места в душе.

Считаю, что учить других можно не нотациями, а только собственным примером.

Дорогие мои ребята, пожалуйста, верьте в себя, любите, ничего не бойтесь, будьте свободными, рискуйте. Понимаете, жизнь такая штука, что вроде бы ты вот молодой, молодой, молодой, а потом бац – и конец. Оглядываешься и думаешь о том, как много всего не сделал потому что боялся, стеснялся, струсил. Не надо ничего бояться. Рискуйте. Пусть даже вы ошибётесь. Это жизнь. И главное, конечно, любите друг друга. Всегда, каждую минуту. Любите…

Возраст – это когда один за другим уходят твои друзья, коллеги…

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